POPs Toolkit Glossary

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Management OptionsMeasures, or instruments, for achieving risk reduction and, in most cases, there will be more than one way to achieve a particular risk reduction goal. The instruments/tools range from the regulatory to the voluntary. A key requirement for governments is to assess the extent to which different management options are likely to achieve risk reduction in a way that is efficient (integrated and coordinated), technically competent, accountable and transparent.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Compilation of information required under the Hazard Communication Standard on the identity of hazardous substances, health and physical hazards, exposure limits, and precautions.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Compilation of information required under the Hazard Communication Standard on the identity of hazardous substances, health and physical hazards, exposure limits, and precautions.
MethodA body of procedures and techniques for performing an activity (e.g., sampling, chemical analysis, quantification), systematically presented in the order in which they are to be executed.
Monitoring (Activities)Continuous assessment of the intervention and its environment with regard to the planned objectives, results, activities and means. Monitoring identifies actual or potential successes or failures as early as possible and facilitates timely adjustments to the operations. It takes place at all levels of management and uses both formal reporting and informal communications.
MorbiditySickness, illness and "morbid condition". Morbidity could be measured in terms of three units: i) Proportion of persons who were ill; ii) The illnesses (periods or spells of illnesses) that these persons experienced; and iii) The duration (days, weeks, etc.) of these illnesses.
Morbidity rateTerm used loosely to refer to incidence or prevalence rates of disease.
MortalityDeath as studied in a given population or subpopulation. The word mortality is often used incorrectly instead of mortality rate.
Mutagen/MutagenicityAn agent that causes a permanent genetic change in a cell other than that which occurs during normal growth. Mutagenicity is the capacity of a chemical or physical agent to cause such permanent changes.
Hatfield Consultants The World Bank funded by the Canadian POPs Trust Fund through the      
Canadian International Development Agency
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