POPs Use in South East Asia

The tables on this page outline the years of use and regulatory controls  for various persistent organic pollutants in South East Asian countries.

Aldrin

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Regulatory Controls

Cambodia

   

Banned in 1992

Lao PDR

   

Banned in 1992

Malaysia

Yes

1980-1994

Banned in 1994

Thailand

Yes

1955

Banned in 1988

Indonesia

   

Never registered for use

Philippines

   

Banned in 1989

Viet Nam

   

Banned in 1992

Chlordane

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Regulatory Controls

Cambodia

Yes

1950-92 – present?

Banned

Lao PDR

Yes

Present (market)

Banned

Malaysia

Yes

1980-1997

Banned in 1998

Thailand

Yes

1959-2000

Banned in 2000

Indonesia

   

Banned in 1992

Philippines

   

Restricted

Viet Nam

   

Banned in

1992

(table references)

DDT

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Regulatory Controls

Cambodia

Yes

1950-92 – present?

Banned in 1992

Lao PDR

Yes

1953 -1992
Present?

Banned in 1992

Malaysia

Yes

Until 1999

Banned in 1999

Thailand

Yes

1940

Banned in 1983
(for health in 2003)

Indonesia

   

Banned

Philippines

   

Restricted

Viet Nam

   

Banned in 1992

(table references)

Dieldrin

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Regulatory Controls

Cambodia

Yes

 

Banned

Lao PDR

   

Banned in 1992

Malaysia

Yes

1980- 1994

Banned in 1994

Thailand

Yes

1955

Banned in 1988

Indonesia

   

Banned in 1992

Philippines

   

Banned in 1989

Viet Nam

   

Banned in 1992

(table references)

Endosulfan

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Regulatory Controls

Cambodia

   

Restricted

Lao PDR

     

Malaysia

     

Thailand

     

Indonesia

     

Philippines

     

Viet Nam

     

(table references)

Endrin

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Regulatory Controls

Cambodia

Yes

1950-92 Present?

Banned

Lao PDR

   

Banned in 1992

Malaysia

   

Withdrawn by company

Thailand

Yes

1955

Banned in 1981

Indonesia

   

Never registered for use

Philippines

   

Banned from import in 1989

Viet Nam

   

Banned in 1992

(table references)

Heptachlor

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Regulatory Controls

Cambodia

   

Banned

Lao PDR

Yes

Present

Banned in 1992

Malaysia

Yes

1980- 1989

Banned in 1990

Thailand

Yes

1959

Banned in 1988

Indonesia

   

Never registered for use

Philippines

   

Banned in 1989

Viet Nam

   

Banned in 1992

(table references)

HCB

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Regulatory Controls

Cambodia

   

Banned

Lao PDR

     

Malaysia

   

Never registered

Thailand

Yes

1959

Banned in 1988

Indonesia

   

Banned

Philippines

   

Restricted

Viet Nam

   

Banned in 1992

(table references)

Mirex

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Regulatory Controls

Cambodia

   

Restricted

Lao PDR

   

Banned

Malaysia

   

Banned

Thailand

   

Banned in 1995

Indonesia

   

Banned

Philippines

   

Restricted

Viet Nam

     

(table references)

PCP

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Regulatory Controls

Cambodia

   

Restricted

Lao PDR

     

Malaysia

   

Banned in 2000

Thailand

   

Banned in 1995 (AG).
Banned in 2000 (PH)

Indonesia

   

Banned in 1980

Philippines

    Only allowed for use in wood treatment

 

Viet Nam

   

Import under conditions imposed by Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

(table references)

Toxaphene

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Regulatory Controls

Cambodia

   

Banned

Lao PDR

   

Banned in 1992

Malaysia

   

Banned

Thailand

Yes

1959

Banned in 1983

Indonesia

   

Banned in 1980

Philippines

   

Banned in 1989

Viet Nam

   

Banned in 1995

(table references)

HCH

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Regulatory Controls

Cambodia

   

Banned

Lao PDR

     

Malaysia

   

Registration under review

Thailand

   

HCH-mixed isomer banned. Lindane banned 2002. Lindane in public health restricted

Indonesia

   

HCH isomers – banned.
Lindane – not registered

Philippines

   

Banned in

1989

Viet Nam

   

Banned

(table references)

HCB

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Regulatory Controls

Cambodia

   

NA

Lao PDR

   

Banned

Malaysia

   

Banned

Thailand

   

Banned in 1980

Indonesia

   

Banned in 1988

Philippines

   

Restricted

Viet Nam

   

Banned in 1992

(table references)

PCBs

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Regulatory Controls

Cambodia

Yes

1959-present

NA

Lao PDR

Yes

 

Banned

Malaysia

Yes

 

Banned

Thailand

Yes

 

Import banned in 1975, fully banned in 2004.

Indonesia

   

Banned in 1994

Philippines

   

Restricted

Viet Nam

     

(table references)

Dioxins & Furans

 

Used or Found in Country?

Years of Usage

Cambodia

Yes

To present

Lao PDR

Yes

To present

Malaysia

   

Thailand

Yes

 

Indonesia

   

Philippines

   

Viet Nam

   

(table references)

 

References:

  1. UNEP, 2002. Regionally Based Assessment of Persistent Toxic Substances – South East Asia and South Pacific Regional Report, United nations Environment Programme Chemcials, Geneva, pp.125.
  2. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. 2007. Plan for the Implementation of Its Obligation under the Stockholm Convention on the POPs, May 2007.
  3. Government of Malaysia. 2007. National Implementation Plan for the Stockholm Convention on POPs. Department of Environment, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 296.
  4. Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} UNEP, 2002. Regionally Based Assessment of Persistent Toxic Substances – South East Asia and South Pacific Regional Report, United nations Environment Programme Chemcials, Geneva, pp.125.
  5. Ministry of Environment. 2006. National Implementation Plan, Department of Environmental Pollution Control Management, Ministry of Environment, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. pp. 123.
  6. Vanhan, H., and T. Sochantha. 2004. Inventory Report on Agricultural POPs Pesticides and DTT for Malaria Control in Cambodia, Project Coordination Unit Enabling Activities for the Development of a National Plan for Implementation of the Stockholm Convention on POPs, Ministry of Environment, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. pp. 93.
  7. STEA. 2007. Draft National Implementation Plan. Environment Research Institute (ERI), Science Technology and Environment Agency (STEA), Vientiane, Lao PDR. pp. 130.
  8. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. 2007. Plan for the Implementation of Its Obligation under the Stockholm Convention on the POPs, May 2007.
  9. Government of Malaysia. 2007. National Implementation Plan for the Stockholm Convention on POPs. Department of Environment, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 296.
  10. Ministry of Environment. 2006. National Implementation Plan, Department of Environmental Pollution Control Management, Ministry of Environment, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. pp. 123.
  11. STEA. 2007. Draft National Implementation Plan. Environment Research Institute (ERI), Science Technology and Environment Agency (STEA), Vientiane, Lao PDR. pp. 130.
  12. Luangrath, S. 2005. Preliminary Inventory Report for PCBs Dielectric Fluid for Transformers in Laos. Project Coordination Unit, Environment Research Institute (ERI), Science Technology and Environment Agency (STEA), Vientiane, Lao PDR. pp. 33.
  13. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. 2007. Plan for the Implementation of Its Obligation under the Stockholm Convention on the POPs, May 2007.
  14. Government of Malaysia. 2007. National Implementation Plan for the Stockholm Convention on POPs. Department of Environment, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 296.

Hatfield Consultants The World Bank funded by the Canadian POPs Trust Fund through the      
Canadian International Development Agency
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