While monitoring is routine and ongoing, evaluation is a systematic and objective assessment of the design, implementation and outcome of an on-going or completed intervention.
The two main purposes of evaluation are:
- improve future RM policy and interventions through feedback of lessons learned
- provide a basis for accountability
Types of Evaluations
Different types of evaluations include:
- project evaluations
- programme evaluations
- sectoral evaluations
- thematic evaluations
- policy and management evaluations
- audits and
Project evaluation is the most common evaluation type. II the project design is well done, the evaluator can base his or her work on fixed, clearly defined objectives with relevant and measurable indicators. As the eventual project may finish up looking very different from its original design, the monitoring data and records of the changing circumstances leading to changes in project desing becomes crucially important for effective evaluation.
Programme evaluation become more common with the planned shift away from individual project towards programme approach.
Policy evaluations look at issues relating to policy and management of various steps in POPs life cycle.
Thematic evaluations focus on issues such as participation, gender or cost effectiveness.
Management evaluation assesses organisational structure and behaviour necessary to be able to propose improvements in the performance of organisations, and to judge whether the financing of their operations is justified.
Other related assessments include audits, which assess the conformity of the intervention to procedures, norms and criteria established in advance by the financiers.
Reviews are mid way between monitoring and evaluation, as they involve a fresh look at the objectives, design and performance of a project. Compared to evaluations, reviews are more limited in scope, time and focus with less emphasis on lessons learned or accountability.
References: Parts adapted from Performance Monitoring Indicators - A handbook for task managers (pdf file) Operations Policy Department, World Bank, 1996
Parts adapted from Performance Monitoring Indicators - A handbook for task managers (pdf file) Operations Policy Department, World Bank, 1996